Zwischen Repression, Resistenz und Migration. Alltag jüdischer Frauen im Nationalsozialismus im Spiegel des Nürnberg-Fürther Gemeindeblattes

Due to anti-Semitic restrictions and persecution the daily life of a Jewish German changed significantly from 1933. The journal of the Jewish community in Nuremberg and Fürth provides insights into Nuremberg community life from 1933 to 1938. Above all, attention is paid to daily life, altered job opportunities and the increasingly restricted political and economical influence of Jewish women. Recognized female authors who – like their male colleagues – had been published across the state of Germany were now forced to limit their editorial work to the Jewish press. In their discussions of the role of women in the community, they either argued for religious domestic life or for emigration to Palestine. When their husbands lost their jobs the women had to seek work.
The Jewish community in Nuremberg created opportunities for women to earn additional income. For example, new spheres of activity included counselling in matters of emigration and job empowerment for women. In the city of the anti-Semite Julius Streicher this kind of activity was more dangerous for the women involved than in other places. Nevertheless, the Jewish community of Nuremberg demonstrated resistance both from a cultural and humanitarian point of view.

Author(s): Nadja Bennewitz

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