‚Volksfreunde‘ und Judenfeinde. Die Wochenzeitung Głos (1886–1894) und die Anfänge des modernen Antisemitismus in Kongresspolen

In 1886, a new ‘literary, social and political’ weekly magazine ‘Głos’ provided a forum for a group of intellectuals who sought to break through the liberal-conservative patterns of the political scene in the Kingdom of Poland. They distanced themselves from the heritage of their predecessors and introduced to the public space their own, modern view of society, centred around newly defined concepts of ‘people’ and ‘nation’. This article focuses on the role played by the magazine in the formation of the political national movement. It shows which stereotypes were used by the authors of ‘Głos’ and particularly the degree to which they were influenced by anti-Jewish thought. The article outlines, using the example of ‘Głos’, the origin and development of the modern form of anti-Semitism in the Kingdom of Poland. This problem will be portrayed using the analysis of the Polish national self-image and the anti-Semitic image that was construed of the Jews.